How to steal elections – Zimbabwe style
One can just imagine the views circulating within a certain small,
retrogressive camp bent on reversing democratic transition:
by Dewa Mavhinga
Well, never mind what has happened to Wade in Senegal, he is spineless, why
concede defeat when the entire state machinery is behind you? In any case,
elections are not stolen, or won on the day of the vote, but way in advance.
For anyone in need of the basics in ‘managing’ elections then the following
easy steps should be committed to memory and applied with the necessary
changes in a given situation.
The first step is to ensure total control of the kind of information that
people receive – through state television, radio and papers. Make sure
privately owned papers have a difficult time operating, threaten them,
arrest one or two of their leaders – then self-censorship will follow. If
the daily circulation of private papers is small, never mind them, but never
let them operate community radio stations or independent national radio
If pressed to free the airwaves, you are better off creating private
companies – clones of your own image. Grant them licenses and satisfy the
requirement of plurity or radio stations.
You may allow other political parties to operate, but do not grant them
access to the people. Here you will find it useful to use a raft of laws
that regulate public order and security – and the access to information and
protection of privacy. Use the law to show who is in charge – even if it is
ridiculous that six people could topple your government through watching an
Arab Spring video – cause them to be charged, tortured, convicted and
This serves as a reminder to like-minded activists that you are in charge,
and that your political hand is inside the judiciary glove.
Be careful who is recruited and promoted in the police, the central
intelligence and the army. You would not want to rely on independent people
to ensure you stay in power –only those whose history is clear, and whose
loyalty is proven.
On paper, do not tamper with the independence of national institutions, but
in practice, make sure it is only card-carrying cadres who run the show.
Specific to elections, if the regional bloc insists on the need to have a
set of new commissioners for the electoral management body – comply. But
make sure you retain staff from old commissions, who are thoroughly schooled
in the art of rigging – and many of whom belong to the military and state
Limit the mandate of the Electoral Commission – do not permit it to clean up
the voters roll, or to carry out the delimitation exercise. Instead, keep
that roll with the ever loyal Registrar General – he knows the ropes.
Do not let any United Nations Paris Principles on the independence of
national commissions stand in your way – make sure you own political
appointee – the minister of justice has total control of the Electoral
Commission and of resources allocated to it and the electoral commission
must know who butters their bread.
Remember the mistakes of 2008 – open , uncontrolled violence. This time
violence must come only as the last resort. Intimidation should be enough.
But to succeed, make sure whatever reforms you concede to are largely
Whatever they say, no reforms must touch the nerve centre of your power –
the security sector.
Do whatever it takes to break up SADC consensus on the need for democratic
elections. Cut deals, bribe some, threaten some, offer them a vote for their
candidate at the AU – if they will shut up about electoral reforms. If they
want to construct a railway line through your country then they must make
less noise about western concepts of democracy and human rights respect.
Do not allow too many domestic and foreign observers to see what is
happening in the country – allow them to come a week before elections and
stay a few days after. Keep them in hotels in the capital. Even before
elections come, prepare for the next round of power-sharing government
As you may have noticed, some in the pro-democracy movement can be co-opted.
Do not allow them to dangle carrots to induce you to leave office, instead,
go for the pre-emptive strike, dangle the carrots for them to join you in
office and shut up about this human rights nonsense.
If you accomplish that, you would have mastered the art of stealing
elections Zimbabwean style. – Dewa Mavhinga, Acting Director & Regional
Coordinator, Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition