Democratic principles should start at lower levels

January 14, 2013 at 6:45 pm Leave a comment

Intra-party democracy systems can have positive or negative consequences on
national systems depending on the internal policies used by political
parties or the political context of the country.

Sunday View by Resource Election Center

The ability of political parties to put in place progressive policies that
ensure the professional selection of qualified candidates can go a long way
in providing leadership that will effectively lead Zimbabwe towards
sustainable development.

Though some might argue that too much party democracy may dilute the power
held by political party leaders, the benefits of intraparty democracy at a
macro level are much greater.

Therefore, internal party systems should uphold universally recognised
democratic principles, for example, transparency, accountability and

Internal party democracy has a wider impact on national governance. It
enhances a necessary democratic culture within political parties that will
naturally transcend to the society at large.

The representation of the electorate’s ideas starts at grassroots level and
in most cases through political parties, therefore the internal party
procedures should be free and fair so as to facilitate the transfer of the
electorates’ views and ideas from the grassroots to the national level.

For that reason, the opening up of political parties is essential in that it
creates space for new ideas and new members, who will then be part of the
national system through national elections, if they are selected as party

Major effects of failed internal party democracy are imposition of
candidates, disturbance of democratic stability and loss of political
support for the party.

All parties will probably hold their primary elections soon. The fear is
that the candidacy of the next elections will be botched because there are
already certain individuals that have been targeted for nomination.

There will most likely be impositions of candidates by over-domineering
elites. The imposition of candidates is worsened by the culture of
clientelism that has perverted internal party politics. This may lead to
voter apathy since the party would have failed to put forward the candidates
preferred by the electorate.

Primary elections are generally divisive and have, in the past, led to
intraparty conflicts. The possible forthcoming primary elections will serve
as a barometer to measure the possibility of the recurrence of political
violence in the 2013 national election.

If the selection of candidates is not managed well, there is a possibility
of intraparty violence going beyond internal violence. If the selection of
candidates is contested, there are more chances that the harmonised
elections will be highly contested.

Already in some areas in the Mashonaland provinces, violence has erupted
with some aspiring candidates accusing the old seat holders.

Internal democratic procedures, which lack the adherence to true democratic
principles, have led to the splits and crises within political parties. For
instance, the MDC has split into four parties since 2005 and Zanu PF
internal politics are riddled with factionalism. This has been caused by
disgruntled party supporters.

When a candidate loses primary elections, legally, there is a chance for
them to stand as independent candidates. Consequently, this will probably
lead to the splitting of the party’s votes and the loss of confidence of the
electorate in the political systems.

Parties therefore need more open candidate selection methods guided by
democratic internal and national legal frameworks that can influence
political parties’ discretionary power in proposing candidates.


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